Call for Abstract

Acadamia
    Geisinger Health System, USA 
    University of Nottingham, UK
    University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Gloucestershire Royal Hospital , Gloucester, United Kingdom
    Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
    Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Philippines
    University Yaoundé I, Cameroon
    National Instituted for Communicable Diseases, South Africa
    Addis Ababa university school of pharmacy, Africa
    King Abdullah Medical City, Makka, KSA (KAMC) 
    Ain Shams University, Egypt
    All Saints University,Dominica
    Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
    Minia University, Egypt
    International Health Policy Program Ministry of Public Health, Thailand
    Alexandria University, Egypt
    Universiti Sains Malaysia
    Al-Iman General Hospital Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    University of Brasilia, Brazil
    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
     Hospital of Infectious Diseases, France
    Staten Island University Hospital, USA
    HEFT, United Kingdom
    Texas Center for Voice and Swallowing, USA
    Asahikawa Medical University, Japan
    Federal University Wukari, Nigeria.
    Medical University of Białystok, Poland
    National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC
    Qinghai University, China
    Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec Alexandria University, Egypt
    Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
    Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Würzburg University, Germany
    Ovidius University Constanta, Romania
    International Associated Factory oils and coals SRL ACECAB, Bolivia
    School of Biomedical Engineering, IIT (BHU), India
    ACURE Biotechnology, USA
    Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, China
    Quartier Des Hôpitaux, Casablanca, Maroc.
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR
     Mahavir super specialty hospital, Surat, state of Gujrat, INDIA
    University of Cambridge, UK
    University of London, UK
    University of Angers, France
    Umm Al-Qura University, KSA
    National Institute for Communicable Diseases-Centre for Opportunistic Tropical and Hospital Infections, South Africa
    Monash University, Australia
    Airo University School of Medicine, Egypt
    Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria
    Biopathologist at Hospital HYGEIA, Athens, Greece
    Sulaimani University, Iraq
    University Hospital L. Sacco, Milan (Italy)
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Brazil
    University of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana , Columbia
    King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia
    Public Health Center, Macedonia
    S.B.K.S medical college, India
    Paulista University, Brazil
    Ain Shams University, Egypt
    Kuwait University, Kuwait
    National Centre of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Bulgaria
    Alexandria University, Egypt
    "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Romania
    Istanbul Kemerburgaz University , Turkey
    Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Republic of Korea
    Korea National Institute of Health, Republic of Korea
    Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
    Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar) ,Brasil
    University of Cape Town, South Africa
    University in Toronto, Canada
    University Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla , Spain
    Health Care Management SDA Bocconi University, Italy
    University Medical Centre Maribor, Slovenia
    Suez Canal University, Egypt
    Royal Free Hospital, London
    Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    Cukurova University, Turkey
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden AB, Sweden
    University of Selcuk, Konya, Turkey
    Inserm U1066 (Micro et Nanomedecines biomimétiques), France
    National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER), Hajipur, India
    Inserm U1066 (Micro et Nanomedecines biomimétiques), France
    Stellenbosch University ,Cape Town, South Africa
    University of London, UK
    Heilongjiang Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences, China
    Heilongjiang Academy of Chinese Medicine Sciences, China
    Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brazil
    Forza Vitale Italia Research Lab, Italy
    Saint Thomas University at Copiapo, Chile
    Armed Forces of the Philippines Medical Center, Philippines
    National University of Colombia, Colombia
    Ege University, Turkey
    Jolfa Clinic, Jolfa, Iran.
    Alexandria University, Egypt
    Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
    Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Republic of Korea
    King Abdul Aziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia
    University of Tartu, Estonia
    Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, India
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
    Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Republic of Korea
    University of Selcuk,Selcuklu / Konya
    Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Selcuk University, Turkey
    University of Selcuk, Turkey
    National Research Center, Egypt
    Seoul National University, Korea
    Aix Marseille University, France
    Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan
    King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA
    Quest Diagnostics, UK
    Cairo University, Egypt
    Fredensborg Community, Denmark
    University of the Philippines, Philippines
    Strategic Functional Specialist Health & Environment, The Netherlands
    University of Santo Tomas, Philippines
    The STD Project, Grand Rapids, Michigan
    Medical University Plovdiv, Bulgaria
    Maternity and Children Hospital, Saudi Arabia
    University Paris 7, Paris, France 
    University of the Western Cape, South Africa
    Harbin Medical University, China
    BMI Healthcare, UK
    Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Canada
    University of Calabar, Nigeria
    Medical School Office, United Kingdom
    Scunthorpe General Hospital (SGH), Scunthorpe, United Kingdom 
    Woodhull Medical Center, United States
    University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus 
    Woodhull Medical Center, New York
    University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria 
    Dep. Molecular Biology- IPI , Iran
    Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
    Damascus University, Leishmania Center for Epidemiological and Biological Studies (LCEBS), Syria 
    University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
    Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel 
    Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan 
    University of Cape Coast, Ghana
    Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
    Banaras Hindu University, India
    Manipal University, Karnataka, India
    Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Centre de Recherche et de Valorisation des Plantes Médicinales (CRVPM) de Dubréka, Guinée 
    Equitable Health Access Initiative/Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria 
    KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India 
    Islamic Azad University, Iran
    Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
    Université des sciences et de technologie, Algérie
    Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
    Federal University Kashere, Nigeria
    Virology Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Madhya Pradesh, India 
    Medical Research Council (MRC) Unit, The Gambia
    Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain 
    National youth service corps, Delta state, Nigeria. 
    Ethiopian Medical Laboratory Association, Ethiopia
    Ministry Health Pakistan, Pakistan
    Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, India 
    CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, India 
    University of Zimbabwe, Harare
    University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria 
    Sri Muthukumaran Medical College & Research Institute, Chennai, India 
    Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi, Libya
    University of Nairobi, Kenya
    University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria 
    Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria 
    National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi, India 
    Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi, Pakistan 
    Baghdad University, Baghdad
    Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    Cairo University, Egypt
    Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan 
    University of Medicine, Oran, Algeria
    Mekelle University College of Health SCiences, Ethiopia 
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India
    Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Mekele University, Ethiopia
    Université Abderrahmane Mira de Béjaïa, Algeria
    Ahfad University for Women, Sudan
    University of Delhi, India
    Makerere university, Uganda
    Health Services Academy, Ministry of NHSR&C, Islamabad, Pakistan
    National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), India
    French Medical Institute for Children, Afghanistan
    University of Balamand, Lebanon
    Kathmandu University, Nepal
    An-Najah National University, Nablus /Palestine
    Psychiatric Hospital of Havana, Cuba
    Mekele University, Ethiopia
    Libyan International Medical University, Libya
    Hawassa University, Ethiopia
    Pasteur Institute of Iran, Iran
    University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
    Maharishi Valmiki Infectious Diseases Hospital, India 
    University of the Punjab, Lahore.
    National Institute of Virology, India
    Gov Medical College, Baroda, India
    University of Santo Tomas España, Manila
    University in Nairobi, Kenya
    Teerthankar Mahaveer University, India
    University of Medical Science and Technology, Libya 
    Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences ,India 
    University of Bahrain, Kingdom of Bahrain
    Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran 
    Kashan University of Medical Silences, Iran
    Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
    Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    The University of Faisalabad, Pakistan
    Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran
    University of the Punjab, Pakistan
    Jinnah University for Women, Pakistan.
    State Enterprise Ukrainian research Institute for Medicine of Transport, Ukraine 
    Aga Khan University, Pakistan
    Priness Royal University Hospital, Kings College Trust, London, UK
    University of Pretoria/ University of Lagos, South Africa

     

Business
    Reckitt Benckiser, Greater New York City Area
    Quest Diagnostics, UK
    Fredensborg Community, Denmark
    National youth service corps, Delta state, Nigeria
    BMI Healthcare, UK
    ACURE Biotechnology, USA

     

World Congress on Infectious Diseases, will be organized around the theme “Novel Technologies and Innovations for Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases”

Infectious Diseases 2015 is comprised of 30 tracks and 183 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Infectious Diseases 2015.

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.

Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.

The diseases caused by germs and which may infect any part of the body are called infectious diseases. They can be spread by any means where there is a germ. They are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, parasites and fungi. Germs can be spread by direct or indirect contact. Vaccination, maintenance of proper hygiene and medicines help in the prevention of infection.

  • Track 1-1Bacterial infectious diseases
  • Track 1-2Allergic infectious diseases
  • Track 1-3Neuro infectious diseases
  • Track 1-4Transplant infectious diseases
  • Track 1-5Topical infectious diseases
  • Track 1-6Tropical infectious diseases
  • Track 1-7Inflammatory infectious diseases
  • Track 1-8Opportunistic infections
  • Track 1-9Infectious diseases in pregnancy
  • Track 1-10Deadly infectious diseases
  • Track 1-11Rare infectious diseases
  • Track 1-12Communicable infectious diseases
  • Track 1-13Nosocomial infections
  • Track 1-14Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Track 1-15Viral infectious diseases
  • Track 1-16Parasitic infectious diseases
  • Track 1-17Fungal infectious diseases
  • Track 1-18Mycobacterial diseases
  • Track 1-19Air borne diseases
  • Track 1-20Food borne diseases
  • Track 1-21Water borne diseases
  • Track 1-22Mosquito and tick borne diseases
  • Track 1-23Blood borne infectious diseases
  • Track 1-24Pediatric infectious diseases
  • Track 1-25Geriatric infectious diseases
  • Track 1-26Common infectious diseases

Infectious diseases can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungi and parasites through direct contact, indirect contact, insect bites and food contamination. Each infectious disease has its own specific signs and symptoms. General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include fever, diarrhoea, fatigue and muscle aches.

An Infectious disease whose occurrence has increased in the past years or threatens to increase is termed as emerging. These diseases include new infections, previously unrecognized infections and old infections reappearing due to antimicrobial resistance, public health issues and unhygienic conditions.

  • Track 3-1Inflammatory drug development
  • Track 3-2NSAIDS drug development
  • Track 3-3Evolutionary biology
  • Track 3-4Modelling of infectious diseases
  • Track 3-5Vaccination
  • Track 3-6Seasonal vaccines
  • Track 3-7H1N1 vaccines
  • Track 3-8Chemotherapy

Microbial pathogenesis is the study of the molecular mechanisms used by microorganisms to cause disease in humans and animals. By understanding how pathogens cause disease helps in the development of new therapeutic approaches. Virulence is the measure of the pathogenicity of an organism. The degree of virulence is related directly to the ability of the organism to cause infection despite host resistance mechanisms, it is affected by numerous variables such as the number of infecting bacteria, route of entry into the body, specific and nonspecific host defence mechanisms and virulence factors of the bacterium.

  • Track 4-1Systems biology
  • Track 4-2Identification, cloning and sequencing of relevant genes
  • Track 4-3Drug interactions
  • Track 4-4Genetic studies
  • Track 4-5Genomic approaches
  • Track 4-6Molecular analysis
  • Track 4-7Molecular biology
  • Track 4-8Host susceptibility or host resistance
  • Track 4-9Host response
  • Track 4-10Host cell interactions
  • Track 4-11Host pathogen interactions
  • Track 4-12Immune mechanisms
  • Track 4-13Virulence factors
  • Track 4-14Mechanisms of microbial pathogenesis
  • Track 4-15Vaccine design
  • Track 4-16Microbiota

Immunology of infections means the battle between pathogens and the host immune defences. Immunology is the branch of science concerned with the various aspects related to immune system, innate and acquired immunity. Immunology also deals with laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with specific antibodies.

  • Track 5-1Response of macrophages, dendritic cells to bacterial and mycobacterial infection
  • Track 5-2Pathogens and the immune system: spread, persistence and transmission
  • Track 5-3Immunology of diseases
  • Track 5-4Host interactions and system biology
  • Track 5-5Membrane dynamics
  • Track 5-6Innate recognition
  • Track 5-7Immune system regulatory control
  • Track 5-8Immuno epidemiology
  • Track 5-9Innate immune evasion
  • Track 5-10Host immune response
  • Track 5-11Vaccine development

Mechanism of resistance towards antimicrobials by microorganisms includes the following mechanisms of enzymatic destruction, enzymatic modification, altered target and decreased uptake. Mechanism of resistance is due to the inactivation or modification of antibiotics, an alteration in the target site of the antibiotic that reduces its binding capacity, the modification of metabolic pathways to circumvent the antibiotic effect and the reduced intracellular antibiotic accumulation by decreasing permeability and/ or increasing active efflux of the antibiotic.

  • Track 6-1Multi drug resistance
  • Track 6-2Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing enterobacteriaceae
  • Track 6-3Multidrug resistant pseudomonas aeruginosa and clostridium difficile
  • Track 6-4Vancomycin resistant enterococci
  • Track 6-5Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
  • Track 6-6Animal pathogens, vaccines and functional genomics
  • Track 6-7Genetic modification
  • Track 6-8Antiviral drug resistance
  • Track 6-9Development and spread of resistance to anti bacterial, anti fungal, anti parasitic, anti mycobacterial and anti viral agents
  • Track 6-10Drug resistant tuberculosis
  • Track 6-11Multidrug resistant tuberculosis
  • Track 6-12Malarial drug resistance
  • Track 6-13Antibiotic resistance
  • Track 6-14Antimicrobial resistance
  • Track 6-15Carbapenemase producing enterobacteriaceae

Antimicrobial/ antibiotic/ antibacterial resistance is the ability of microorganisms to resist the effects of drugs that means diseases causing germs do not get killed and their growth is not stopped.  Antibiotic resistant infections are of greater risk which cannot be avoided completely. Infections with resistant organisms are difficult to treat requiring costly and sometimes toxic alternatives.

Antimicrobial/ antibiotic/ antibacterial stewardship promotes the appropriate use of antimicrobials which improves patient outcomes reduces microbial resistance and decreases the spread of infections caused by multidrug resistant organisms.

Epidemiology studies the patterns, causes and effects of health and disease conditions. It is the cornerstone of public health and informs policy decisions and evidence based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. Epidemiologists help with study design, data collection, statistical analysis of data, interpretation and dissemination. Epidemiology helped to develop methodology used in clinical research, public health studies and to a lesser extent basic research in the biological sciences.

  • Track 9-1Modes of transmission and interventions
  • Track 9-2Vaccine development
  • Track 9-3Molecular insights and genomic studies
  • Track 9-4Immuno pathogenesis
  • Track 9-5Research in biological sciences
  • Track 9-6Public health studies
  • Track 9-7Methodology
  • Track 9-8Study design, collection, statistical analysis of data, interpretation and dissemination
  • Track 9-9Risk factors
  • Track 9-10Patterns, causes and effects
  • Track 9-11Concepts and techniques of disease prevention

Medical diagnosis is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. Laboratory tests may identify organisms directly (e.g., visually, using a microscope growing the organism in culture) or indirectly (e.g., identifying antibodies to the organism). General types of tests include microscopy, culture and immunologic tests (agglutination tests such as latex agglutination, enzyme immunoassays, western blot, precipitation tests and complement fixation tests) and nucleic acid/ non nucleic acid based identification methods. Sub types of diagnoses include clinical, laboratory, radiology, principal and admitting diagnosis. Advanced methods have been implemented to diagnose the infection in any part of the body. Examples include biomarkers/ elisa test/ chest x ray/ skin biopsy/ tympanometry and tympanocentesis.

  • Track 10-1Microscopy and culture
  • Track 10-2Antigen and antibody assay
  • Track 10-3Novel diagnostics
  • Track 10-4Tympanocentesis
  • Track 10-5Tympanometry
  • Track 10-6Chest x ray
  • Track 10-7Elisa test
  • Track 10-8Biomarkers
  • Track 10-9Radiology
  • Track 10-10Nucleic acid and non nucleic acid based identification methods
  • Track 10-11Immunological tests
  • Track 10-12Serological tests
  • Track 10-13Laboratory tests
  • Track 10-14Clinical tests
  • Track 10-15Vaccine vectors

Treatment of viral infections such as HIV involves patient care and moral support including antiretroviral therapy. Bacterial infections can be treated by administering antibiotics to the patients. Yeast infections can be primarily treated by sterilisation methods. Parasitic infections can be treated by antiparasitic drugs. Diseases such as cancer can be treated by chemotherapy. Recent techniques have proved that there is no disease that cannot be treated.

  • Track 11-1Antibiotics
  • Track 11-2Antiinflammatory drugs and NSAIDS
  • Track 11-3Vaccines and vaccination
  • Track 11-4Chemotherapy
  • Track 11-5Traditional medicines
  • Track 11-6Herbal treatment
  • Track 11-7Disinfectants
  • Track 11-8Interventional agents
  • Track 11-9Biopharmaceutical products
  • Track 11-10Antiseptics
  • Track 11-11Anticancers
  • Track 11-12Antimalarials
  • Track 11-13Antimicrobials
  • Track 11-14Antibacterials
  • Track 11-15Antivirals
  • Track 11-16Antiretrovirals
  • Track 11-17Antifungals
  • Track 11-18Antiparasitics
  • Track 11-19Antimycobacterials
  • Track 11-20Antituberculars
  • Track 11-21Biothreat agents

Infectious diseases prevention and control is helpful to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. Aseptic technique is normally applied to prevent the infections caused by different means. Sterilization is another process of killing microorganisms by the application of heat. Disinfection is the process of killing harmful microorganisms. Some infectious diseases can be prevented by avoiding direct contact with the contagious person. Infections can also be controlled and prevented by creating public awareness on various infectious diseases and their outbreaks. Infections can be cured by various antimicrobials.

  • Track 12-1Infection prevention
  • Track 12-2Detection of molecular targets for drug development
  • Track 12-3Alternative therapies
  • Track 12-4Vaccines
  • Track 12-5Global health
  • Track 12-6Medication
  • Track 12-7Awareness of STD
  • Track 12-8Public awareness about emerging infectious diseases
  • Track 12-9Infectious diseases treatment and cure
  • Track 12-10Infectious diseases diagnosis
  • Track 12-11Infection control
  • Track 12-12Good hygienic practices

Antimicrobials/ antibiotics/ antibacterials are the drugs used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. Few antibiotics possess antiprotozoal activity. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses such as the common cold or influenza and their inappropriate use allows the emergence of resistant organisms.

Vaccines are the products that are able to produce immunity from a disease and can be administered through needle injections, by mouth and by aerosol. Vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism.

Infectious diseases vaccines are the vaccines which prevent the infectious diseases and infectious diseases like diphtheria, haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis b, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis and yellow fever are preventable through vaccines.

Sexually transmitted diseases/ sexually transmitted infections are the infectious diseases which are transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual and also transmitted during vaginal or other types of sexual intercourse including oral and anal sex.

Pediatric infectious diseases/ childhood infectious diseases are the infectious diseases which are caused in children of different age groups. Pediatric infectious diseases specialist’s takes care of the infections occurring in children and the treatment methods vary for children from adults.

Neuro infectious diseases are the infectious diseases which are observed in the nervous system. Viral and immune mediated disorders of the nervous system are among the most challenging neurological disorders. The most common neuro immune disorder is multiple sclerosis and hiv is the most common viral infection of the nervous system.

Nosocomial infections/ hospital acquired infections/ health care associated infections are the infections that are contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility and they spread in the hospital environment, nursing home environment, rehabilitation facility and clinic or other clinical settings.

Blood stream infections/ bacteraemia/ septicaemia/ blood poisoning occurs when a bacterial infection elsewhere in the body such as in the lungs or skin which enters the blood stream. This is dangerous because the bacteria and their toxins can be carried through the blood stream to the entire body.

Ebola viral infection is caused by virus transmitted through body fluids and through air. It occurs rarely but it is very deadly which results in death and outbreak. Ebola virus disease symptoms are very severe which appears in 2-3 days. Ebola primary symptoms include fever, sore throat, muscular pain and headaches then followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, decreased function of the liver and kidneys then loss of blood internally and externally finally leading to low blood pressure and fluid loss resulting in death.  Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by aedes mosquitoes. People with zika virus disease can have symptoms including mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain and malaise or headache.

  • Track 21-1Outbreaks
  • Track 21-2Health care
  • Track 21-3Therapeutic measures and vaccination
  • Track 21-4Prevention, control and cure
  • Track 21-5Molecular genetics and current research
  • Track 21-6Diagnosis
  • Track 21-7Symptoms and pathophysiology
  • Track 21-8Epidemiology of zika
  • Track 21-9Epidemiology of ebola
  • Track 21-10Public awareness

Urinary tract infections are the infections which are observed in any part of the urinary system (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). Mostly infections are observed in the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra). Women are at greater risk than men.

Surgical site infections are the infections which may occur within 30 days after the operation and are observed in the parts of skin and subcutaneous tissue of the incision.

Sepsis/ septicaemia is a life threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection injures its own tissues and organs and the signs and symptoms of sepsis include fever, increased heart rate, increased breathing rate, confusion, cough with pneumonia and painful urination with a kidney infection. Severe sepsis causes poor organ function or insufficient blood flow. Insufficient blood flow may be evident by low blood pressure, high blood lactate and low urine output. Septic shock means the low blood pressure which occurs due to sepsis that does not improve even after injecting reasonable amounts of intravenous fluids.

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by a bacterium called mycobacterium tuberculosis which spread through the lymph nodes and blood stream to any organ in your body. It is most commonly found in the lungs which attack the lungs and it can also attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine and brain.

  • Track 25-1Multidrug resistant tuberculosis
  • Track 25-2Drug resistant tuberculosis
  • Track 25-3Tuberculosis in children
  • Track 25-4TB and HIV coinfection
  • Track 25-5Tuberculosis in people with HIV
  • Track 25-6Rapid sputum tests for tuberculosis

Hepatitis is caused by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms but often leads to jaundice, poor appetite and malaise. Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer.

  • Track 26-1Hepatitis A
  • Track 26-2Prognosis
  • Track 26-3Giant cell hepatitis
  • Track 26-4Ischemic hepatitis
  • Track 26-5Non alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Track 26-6Auto immune hepatitis
  • Track 26-7Toxic and drug induced hepatitis
  • Track 26-8Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Track 26-9Hepatic cirrhosis
  • Track 26-10Viral hepatitis
  • Track 26-11Chronic hepatitis
  • Track 26-12Acute hepatitis
  • Track 26-13Hepatitis E
  • Track 26-14Hepatitis D
  • Track 26-15Hepatitis C
  • Track 26-16Hepatitis B
  • Track 26-17Liver disorders

Malaria is a mosquito borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single celled microorganisms) belonging to the plasmodium type. Malaria symptoms typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting and headaches which can be observed in 10-15 after being bitten by mosquito. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, comaor and even death.

Microbial forensics and molecular basis of bacteria is defined as a scientific discipline which is used to analyse microorganism/ toxin release.

  • Track 28-1Bioterrorism agents
  • Track 28-2Lineage based approach
  • Track 28-3Epidemiology
  • Track 28-4Bioinformatics, genetics and case studies

Animal infectious diseases/ zoonosis are important threat to human health since the emergence of human diseases is dominated by zoonotic pathogens. Infectious diseases affect livestock and also wild animals focusing on characterizing the conditions for the pathogen spread and maintenance in the host population.

  • Track 29-1Diseases causing microbes in animals
  • Track 29-2Parasitic diseases in animals
  • Track 29-3Clostridial diseases
  • Track 29-4Transmission of infections by animals
  • Track 29-5African swine fever
  • Track 29-6Rabies

Plant pathology is the study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause infectious diseases include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants. Plant pathology also involves the study of pathogen identification, disease etiology, disease cycles, economic impact, plant disease epidemiology, plant disease resistance, how plant diseases affect humans and animals, pathosystem genetics and management of plant diseases.

  • Track 30-1Phytopathology
  • Track 30-2Pathogen survival and dispersal of plant parasites
  • Track 30-3Epidemiology
  • Track 30-4Biological control agents
  • Track 30-5Modelling of infectious diseases in plants